Pick a plant
There are plenty of herbs that you can grow indoors, such as basil, bay, chervil, oregano, parsley, rosemary, sage, tarragon and thyme. You don't even need special lights or a temperature controlled environment, herbs grow just fine when placed by a bright window.
Like most plants, herbs need a minimum of 6-8 hours of sunlight a day in order to grow and reach maturity. Thankfully, you won't have any shortage of that in the Middle East.
Use a store-bought sterile potting mix for growing your herbs. This will help reduce the risk of soil-borne pathogens. You can purchase premixes that include moisture-holding crystals and timed-release fertiliser from most supermarkets or hardware stores.
Use a water-soluble fertiliser to be on the safe side. It could be chemical or organic. Make sure to use it as per brand instructions. You can also make your own organic fertilisers using fish remains. Be careful not to over-fertilise. This can cause salt build-up and burn delicate roots.
Plants are thirsty little creatures, so make sure to be generous when watering them, especially if the pots are small or when plants are growing energetically. To avoid spillovers, keep your containers in trays lined with pea gravel or small stones. The trays will hold the excess water and the gravel will keep the pots stable. Remember, overwatering can be as detrimental as under-watering, so keep a close eye on your plants. Watch out for signs of over-watering, such as mould on the soil surface, root rot and leaf drop.